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Archetype movements are the basis for the development of the motor construction of the types of motor development: rhythmical movement, reflex-reaction, reflexes, natural motor coordination systems and motor skills, and consciously learned movements and motor skills.

In the primary motor system the archetype movements are recognized and defined as the most global and general motor ’’constructions” determining strategies of motor activity. Several archetype  movement patterns are identified in motor development:

  1. Core flexion-extension
  2. Spine rotation (horizontal motion)
  3. Trunk extension (vertical motion)
  4. Trunk side flexion-extension (motion to the sides)
  5. Homologous (bilateral)
  6. Homolateral (one-sided motion)
  7. Cross-lateral movement (opposite limbs motion)
  8. Intentional/differentiated movements (goal oriented movements)
     

Each of the archetype movements creates the basis for the similar motor ”construction” of various reflex patterns. For example, Core Flexion-Extension construction can be found in Moro, Landau, and Perez. While these reflex patterns have similar motor structure, they have different biological tasks. Moro, caused by the loss of stable body position in space due to inclining of the head 30 degrees backward, signals possible danger. Landau, as the reaction of spine and all limbs extension backward in prone position  is triggered by the joy of seeing a favorite person or toy, and serves for emotional communication. Perez, as the reaction of spine and limbs extension-flexion in prone position in triggered by stimuli along the spine, and serves for protection and escape from the stimuli.

In this Program the archetype movements are found to be the basis of many reflex patterns and in intentional and controlled movements. For example, body righting archetype movement can be found in Trunk Extension, Perez, Automatic Gait, and Crawling reflex patterns, stretching, and in controlled movements of throwing a basketball high or reaching for a book from a high shelf.

The observations and experiences of Dr. Masgutova and her MNRI® Specialists show that in children and adults with a variety of developmental deficits there is a correlation between the poor development of primary motor patterns and identified deficits. Many individuals, 4 to 15 years old, demonstrated poor concentration and memory along with poor development of Core Flexion-Extension and Spine Rotation. It was also found that subjects with attention deficit thinking demonstrated poor Trunk Extension development. To some extent, poor manual skills correlate with poor development of homologous archetype movement.